Some racial disparity in coronavirus vaccination, while case rate remains highest for city Hispanics
New vaccination figures for Cambridge residents show that more white residents are vaccinated than their proportion of the city population, while Latino and Asian residents lag far behind and black residents are getting shots in line with their share of the total. The pattern holds generally true for those with at least one shot, those fully vaccinated and those partially vaccinated.
The state Department of Public Health began reporting weekly racial and ethnic vaccination figures for each Massachusetts community last week, and the city started including the Cambridge numbers on its Covid-19 dashboard Thursday. They will be updated once a week in line with the state reports.
The numbers posted by the Cambridge Public Health Department on Thursday differed from the state figures, and spokeswoman Susan Feinberg did not immediately respond to emails asking why. By Friday the city had changed its report to align with the state’s numbers, again without any explanation or acknowledgement on its website of a change. Later Friday, Feinberg said the original city figures came from the state’s weekly report March 11, the week before, and on Friday the city posted figures from the state’s current weekly report. Neither city report gave the date. The pattern of disparity was the same for both sets of numbers: the city’s initial report and the state’s figures.
The numbers showed that Cambridge is doing about the same as the state on vaccination disparity. For example, 4 percent of Cambridge residents who have received at least one shot are Latino, while their share of the population is 8 percent. Statewide, Hispanic residents account for 5 percent of those with at least one shot, while Hispanic people make up 12 percent of the state population.
Asian residents make up 4 percent of Massachusetts residents with at least one shot, compared with 7 percent of the population. In Cambridge, Asians are 19 percent of the population yet are 10 percent of residents with at least one shot. Black residents, on the other hand, are 10 percent of those with at least one shot and 10 percent of the city population. The equivalent state figures are 5 percent of residents with at least one shot and 7 percent of the population.
As for white Cambridge residents, they make up 64 percent of those with at least one shot and 60 percent of the population. Statewide, 72 percent of those with at least one shot are white, compared with 71 percent of the population.
For those who are fully vaccinated, white Cambridge residents make up 63 percent of the total compared with 60 percent of the population. For black residents, 10 percent are fully vaccinated, the same as their proportion of the population. The figures diverge for Hispanic and Asian residents, with Hispanic residents accounting for 4 percent of those fully vaccinated and 8 percent of the population, while Asians are 11 percent of those fully vaccinated and 19 percent of the population.
Covid cases highest for Hispanics
City figures show that the Covid-19 case rate among Hispanic residents is almost three times the rate among white residents and the rate for black residents is about two and a half times the rate for white residents. The rate for Asian residents is slightly lower than that for white residents. The case rate is the number of cases per 100,000 population of that demographic group.
In total, 14,025 Cambridge residents have been fully vaccinated – 13 percent of the population – and 23,199 residents, or 21 percent, have received at least one shot. Those 75 and older, which includes an unknown number of nursing home and assisted living residents, started getting shots in January, and 3,692 people, or 69 percent of that age group, are fully vaccinated, the Thursday report said. A much higher proportion, 86 percent, received at least one shot.
Vaccine supplies remain limited, and the state has given priority to mass vaccination sites such as Gillette Stadium for allocations, while restricting supply to Cambridge and most other local health departments except for those in 20 communities at high risk from Covid-19. Still, the Cambridge Public Health Department has vaccinated 2,188 first responders, health care workers and residents in low-income senior and disabled public housing developments; the tenants got their shots in their buildings. The department planned to establish a public clinic for residents but has been stymied by the state policy.
The state also cut off vaccine to Cambridge Health Alliance on Feb. 23 while allowing most other hospitals to resume offering first doses of vaccine to their patients at the same time. Neither state nor Alliance officials gave a reason. On Tuesday CHA again began offering appointments for first doses with a website announcement and emails to patients.
CHA is a safety-net health care system in which many patients are poor and non-white – groups with disparate risk of Covid-19. Spokesman David Cecere said Wednesday that the state had provided “a very small supply of vaccine” that enabled the Alliance to schedule appointments. He didn’t respond when asked how many doses.
Although no one has explained the on-and-off allocations to CHA, state directives to vaccine providers say they must use 85 percent of their allocation and finish vaccinating their supply within 10 days – they get allocations weekly – or risk getting less or none. The Alliance had used 73 percent of its allocation of the Moderna vaccine from Dec. 1 to Feb. 23, according to figures obtained with a public records request.